Know when you are in hot water.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion can vary depending on your activity level. Cramps, heavy sweating, and feeling very tired and thirsty are all signs that your body is stressed from heat.1
Other signs of heat exhaustion can include:
It is important to address these symptoms as soon as possible to avoid heatstroke. Furthermore, you should call 9-1-1 immediately if you think someone is showing signs of shock, seems confused, has a seizure, has a fever over 102°F, is breathing rapidly, has a rapid pulse or loses consciousness.1,3
Beat the heat.
Once you realize you have symptoms of heat exhaustion it’s important to get out of the heat as soon as possible. Find a cool spot to put your feet up and rest! Be sure to stay hydrated and stay clear of alcohol and caffeine. Taking a cool shower or bath and applying cool compresses will also help lower your body temperature. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not subside after 30 minutes.3
Don't sweat it out.
When it comes to heat safety, staying ahead of it is key. Keep an eye on the weather, and when temperatures are high, keep these steps in mind:
Some people are more susceptible to heat exhaustion and heat stroke: children, older adults, and people who are obese, ill, exercising vigorously, or not used to the heat or high humidity.1 Keeping a close eye on those who are most affected by the heat and making sure they are taking proper precautions could help prevent a serious situation.
Similarly, certain allergy, blood pressure, seizure drugs and medicines for mental health conditions may also make a person be at a higher risk for heatstroke. Be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist to see if any of the medications you or your loved ones take may put them at risk.
Health Mart, caring for you and about you.
1.MedlinePlus: Heat emergencies. Available at: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000056.htm. Accessed 5-23-16.
2.Familydoctor.org: Heat Exhaustion and Heatstroke. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/staying-healthy/first-aid/heat-exhaustion-an-heatstroke.printerview.all.html. Accessed 5-23-16.
3.Healthy Roads Media: Heat Waves. Available at: https://healthreach.nlm.nih.gov/documents/EngHeatWaves.pdf. Accessed 5-23-16.
4.FDA: Sun Protection. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Radiation-EmittingProducts/RadiationEmittingProductsandProcedures/Tanning/ucm116445.htm. Accessed 5-23-16.